An introduction to desalination technology
This book presents an introduction to the basic desalination technologies, presenting to the reader the main available desalination processes and providing the necessary knowledge for the design of each process. It is aimed for readers who want to get the basic knowledge and to understand water desalination technologies. Desalination technology is a modern necessity, taking into account the effects of man on natural water resources and their reckless use. In order to understand and expand the desalination processes presented in this book, an introduction of basic knowledge from various sciences is required, some elements of which are given in Chapter 1 as well as in the corresponding chapters. The book is aimed at University Students, but also Engineers and Technicians who want to deal with or are dealing with desalination processes. An effort is made so that the reader, Engineer or not, by completing the reading of each chapter, has the ability of calculations and planning of individual facilities for any treatment related to desalination. Illustrative solved examples in the desalination processes are also presented to help the reader understand each process.
The book includes 9 chapters. Chapter 1 provides the basic general knowledge required to understand desalination processes. Chapter 2 includes the basic principles of water chlorination. Chapter 3 presents the basic knowledge for understanding the formation of scale deposits and the contamination of solid surfaces and membranes. Chapters 4-6 give the basic principles of the main thermal methods used on an industrial scale. Chapter 7 presents the basic principles of electrodialysis. Chapter 8 develops the theory and detailed information and design of reverse osmosis units, which are now the most widely used desalination process. In chapter 9 additional desalination methods and water treatment techniques are given.
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